A pond can be described as a body of standing water which can either be man made or natural and their sizes are smaller than a lake. natural ponds occur in floodplains and are usually a part of the river system as well as can occur where there are isolated depressions that fill up with rainwater over time. A pond may be quite shallow but can also contain life mostly the aquatic plants and animals. There are a number of factors that influence the number and type of aquatic plants and animals that are present in a pond including water level, nutrient level, shading by the trees salinity, the effects experience when animals graze there as well as presence or absence of streams.
It is easy to construct a human made pond which are the most common types of pond as compared to a natural pond forming. During the dry season, farmers are likely to dig ponds in their backyards or remove mud from the existing ones to increase their depth so as they can collect adequate amounts of water during the wet season. Habitat restoration enhancement, as well as wastewater treatment, are other reasons for the construction of water ponds. In other cases, ponds can be constructed as architectural features or for aesthetic ornamentation for landscapes and the ponds can be referred to as water features or water gardens. Other types of artificial ponds constructed are solar ponds that are used for thermal energy storage and fish ponds are used to breed fish for commercial purposes.
When constructing an outdoor pond at home, there are factors one need to consider. The main thing to ensure during the construction of an outdoor pond is to look for a site that is well drained as well as ensure that there are no underground cables, pipes, sewers or even septic fields in the area. The place should also be having an outdoor source of water like a tap which one will be used to refill the outdoor pond. One should also look for a location that has partial shading to prevent high temperatures that may lead to excessive evaporation and increased algae growth. The shading should not be from trees since leaves might fall into the pond and accumulate at the bottom causing clogging of the pond pumps. One can use an outdoor pond for various uses, one should balance between the sun and some shade which can be obtained from plants such as lilies or even use a portable shade screen. A suitable outdoor pond liner should be used which is laid down after digging a hole. Edging of the pond perimeter or even placing some stones should be done once the outdoor pond has been filled with water.